Women in India- Gender Inequality

Women in India

     All over the world gender inequality is present. It used to be common for men to be consider more important, intelligent and valuable than women. Women have been trying to confront and change this inequality for centuries; they’ve treated them like crazy and never accepted what they were asking for: equality. Nowadays, although it’s still  a lot to work to do, it is little by little changing in some aspects. This is due to women’s every day fight for their rights, not only political rights but also social ones; one of the main objectives of this worldwide movement is to change society’s mind about what women are supposed to do and how they are supposed to act. Women are as free as men and can do whatever they want and like without any restriction at all. Gender is not at all a requisite for doing certain things and that’s what people need to understand. Although a huge progress has been made women continue to suffer inequality mostly in the middle east were their opportunities and power of deciding are none.

     This takes me to India, where women’s participation and action in important things are considered something crazy. Women are seen as an object, something that can be used by men and do not have a voice at all. Gender inequality in India also refers to health, education, economic and political inequalities between men and women. Although the constitution of India grants men and women equal rights, gender disparities remain.

  

Inequality in India is also seen as their culture shows a strong preference for male children. When a baby boy is born in this country there are huge celebrations, however when a girl is born people give their condolences to the mother. Specially in that society, the exact moment girls are born they are considered inferior only because of being a girl, how can that be even possible? Education is also a key fact to take into consideration, literacy for females stands at 17.86%, compared to 82.14% for males. This is mostly about the parents’ perceptions that education for girls are a waste of resources as their daughters would eventually live with their husbands’ families. This chauvinist perception is the one that women are fighting for, this stigmatized thing that women are only useful to have children and take care of the house. What if they don’t want to have kids? What if they want to work? They can be as capable as men of working and having important charges. This social perception is the most difficult to change as it has been installed on society about million of years ago. Although we do not have much information about it, in India there’s a huge feminist movement which are aimed at defining, establishing, and defending equal political, economic, and social rights and equal opportunities for women in India. It is the pursuit of women’s rights within the society of India. Like their feminist counterparts all over the world, feminists in India seek gender equality: the right to work for equal wages, the right to equal access to health and education, and equal political rights. Indian feminists also have fought against culture-specific issues within India’s patriarchal society, such as inheritance laws and the practice of widow immolation known as Sati.

  

     This incredibly important issue which concerns not only women in India but all over the world, are in India carried out by huge organizations which fight every day for Indian women equal rights. Organizations such as:

  • All India Democratic Women’s Association
  • National Commission on Women
  • Ministry of Women Children and Development
  • International Center for Research on Women
  • UN Women

I decided to talk about this topic as I consider is crucial nowadays. Feminism is a huge movement in which we all should be included and be a part of it; not only women. Inequality is a problematic which affects women all over the world but mostly to women living in the middle east were an ancient culture is above their rights.

This inequality has existed since always and although it’s very difficult to be change, little by little women from all over the world are speaking up and fight for equality, for women’s rights, which are in fact human rights.

I started to get really interested in this topic when I read a book called “Milk and Honey” by Rupi Kaur, an Indian woman which I really admire.

She was born in India but grew up in Canada. In spite of this, she never hide her indian culture and is, in fact, very proud of it.  Here’s a short biography about her life and career that I took from a book that I read, which I really recommend, called “Mujeres Autoras”

Resultado de imagen para rupi kaur biografia de mujeres autoras  

In her short poems the Indian culture is really present as she  talks about her relationship with her father difficult was for her to deal with him and his patriarchal actitudes from the tough and unequal indian culture.

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This are the poems that I personally like the most from the book Rupi Kaur wrote “Milk and Honey”

Finally, I leave here a video of Rupi Kaur giving a speech in India Today Conclave , a thought platform, were Kaur made an impressive speech about her mother and what had she told her the day of her wedding. Within her words the patriarcal Indian society can clearly be seen.

 

 

A brand new way of learning :)

 E- portfolios

Last week our literature teacher, Pat Chujman, presented us how we are going to work this year; instead of learning in a traditional way we are going to make our own e- portfolio. This is a brand new method of learning and understanding things we analyse in class. But the best part is that we are able to connect what we learn with things we like; it can be connected with books, series, paintings or even with personal experiences. We are free to choose how to make our e- portfolios which is also great because it’s a way of showing our knowledge and being able to connect what we like with what we learn . After watching a video and reading some texts about what an e- portfolio is, our teacher gave us a task: make a summary of what e- portfolios are and take a look on the e- portfolios of students that are now in senior 5, and make a reflection about their portfolios. Here I will leave the summary of some texts and videos we analysed in class and my reflection on some e- portfolios. 

TASK 1: Make connections between the video and the text. Write the summary.

An e- portfolio is a new method of learning in which students show their knowledge and understanding on one subject by making several posts in their electronic folder. E- portfolio, besides of showing the understanding and knowledge of the students, is a way of learning. They learn the different topics by relating them with things they like or personal experiences. It’s also a good way for students to see their progress and learn from their mistakes in order to improve.

Besides of relating their classes with personal experiences and things they like, the e- portfolio allows students to relate the topics seen in class with other subjects too. E- portfolios are not only a way of showing understanding on certain topics, but a way of expressing, of showing how creatives students are, a way to develop their imagination. The e- portfolio is totally personal; students can include whatever they like in order to provide a true understanding on subject. They are free to organise it the way they like the most and the way they consider is the best for their true understanding. The method of learning that e-portfolios implicate is called constructivism, and it suggests that people can learn by constructing knowledge on their own. This means that with all the information learnt, they are able to connect it with other things and come up with new ideas and conclusions. The process of learning is more important than grades and results, that’s why the e- portfolios are a great way of learning; they show the process the student has made and their knowledge. E- portfolios show teachers the student’s process as well as their understanding of the topic in a innovative and creative way.  

TASK 2: Visit some blogs from the students who are in Senior 5 now. Check out their last year portfolios. Choose 3 students and say:

-what you like about their portfolio

I visited all the blogs of the students from senior 5, and the ones that I liked the most were from; Rochi Vago, Margui Muller and Otto Kreutzer. On the one hand, I really liked the portfolios of Margui and Otto because they both connected what they had seen in class with their lives and personal experience. Margui, after reading the poem “Home is so sad” , made reference to the different homes were she lived since she was little and how each house has a different memory, creates a different emotion on her.  And Otto, after reading “The lady in the looking glass” , made a connection with the protagonists feelings and fears, compared to a similar situation he had been through when he was young. Besides, Otto in his posts, made references to other portfolios from his classmates, which I think it was very interesting! On the other hand, I really liked Rochi’s e- portfolio because it was very complete and organised, but mostly because in some of her post she made references to music. She related the poems and stories she had read with songs and connect them, providing a very interesting analysis. I was able to notice how much effort and dedication the three of them put on their e- portfolio and how they were really able to understand certain topic relating them with their personal experiences or the things they like.

 

-what is missing according to what you have read

If I had to analyse what is missing in each of the portfolios I would said that in Otto’s for example, the use of images could have helped for people to visualize what he was saying, a way of causing not only an effect with words but also a visual effect. On Rochi’s and Margui’s eportfolio I think that nothing is missing. They both connected what they learnt in class with personal experiences; providing pictures, poems, references to series and books they had read.  However, on Margui’s eportfolio I could observe that there is not a final post about the eportfolio. Something to conclude, to share her feelings and emotions about this new projects.

Blogs:

Por que aprendemos matemática?

Este es el articulo que subió Susy a su blog el otro día para que sepamos bien cual era el verdadero motivos por el cual es impresindible aprender matemática.
Por que aprender matemática?

Esta es mi opinión:

A mi me pareció un muy buen articulo porque me hizo darme cuenta de un montón de cosas que no había notado, por ejemplo que la matemática te hace mas paciente, de eso yo nunca me había dado cuenta , pero ahora que lo leí me doy cuenta que tiene razón porque como muy bien dice Ignacio Zalduendo la cuenta es una y el resultado siempre es el mismo. Si el resultado te dio mal tenes que borrar, volver a pensarlo y tener mucha paciencia.

Estoy de acuerdo en lo que dice el articulo porque me parece que esta muy bien pensado y que, aparte, te da un montón de motivos que hace que todas las cosas que dice sean verdaderas.

Este es un resumen de el articulo:

El articulo fue escrito por un señor llamado Ignacio Zalduendo. El cuenta que, dando clase de matemática, un alumno le hace un a pregunta inesperada, el alumno le pregunta para sirve la matemática. El señor sabia muy bien para que servia y que era muy importante pero lo tenia que poner en palabras y explicarlo bien para que el alumno lo entendiera. Así fue como, Ignacio, fue explicando y dando varios motivos muy convincentes de para que servia la matemática como por ejemplo que la matemática nos sirve en nuestra vida para todo. Nuestra vida cotidiana, por ejemplo, cuando tenemos que hacer una compra grande en el supermercado, o para entender un montón de conceptos químicos y sobretodo para avanzar en la ciencia y en la tecnología. El dio muchos de esos ejemplos para que al chico le quedara bien claro que la matemática sirve y mucho y hasta a mi me convenció!