Women in India- Gender Inequality

Women in India

     All over the world gender inequality is present. It used to be common for men to be consider more important, intelligent and valuable than women. Women have been trying to confront and change this inequality for centuries; they’ve treated them like crazy and never accepted what they were asking for: equality. Nowadays, although it’s still  a lot to work to do, it is little by little changing in some aspects. This is due to women’s every day fight for their rights, not only political rights but also social ones; one of the main objectives of this worldwide movement is to change society’s mind about what women are supposed to do and how they are supposed to act. Women are as free as men and can do whatever they want and like without any restriction at all. Gender is not at all a requisite for doing certain things and that’s what people need to understand. Although a huge progress has been made women continue to suffer inequality mostly in the middle east were their opportunities and power of deciding are none.

     This takes me to India, where women’s participation and action in important things are considered something crazy. Women are seen as an object, something that can be used by men and do not have a voice at all. Gender inequality in India also refers to health, education, economic and political inequalities between men and women. Although the constitution of India grants men and women equal rights, gender disparities remain.

  

Inequality in India is also seen as their culture shows a strong preference for male children. When a baby boy is born in this country there are huge celebrations, however when a girl is born people give their condolences to the mother. Specially in that society, the exact moment girls are born they are considered inferior only because of being a girl, how can that be even possible? Education is also a key fact to take into consideration, literacy for females stands at 17.86%, compared to 82.14% for males. This is mostly about the parents’ perceptions that education for girls are a waste of resources as their daughters would eventually live with their husbands’ families. This chauvinist perception is the one that women are fighting for, this stigmatized thing that women are only useful to have children and take care of the house. What if they don’t want to have kids? What if they want to work? They can be as capable as men of working and having important charges. This social perception is the most difficult to change as it has been installed on society about million of years ago. Although we do not have much information about it, in India there’s a huge feminist movement which are aimed at defining, establishing, and defending equal political, economic, and social rights and equal opportunities for women in India. It is the pursuit of women’s rights within the society of India. Like their feminist counterparts all over the world, feminists in India seek gender equality: the right to work for equal wages, the right to equal access to health and education, and equal political rights. Indian feminists also have fought against culture-specific issues within India’s patriarchal society, such as inheritance laws and the practice of widow immolation known as Sati.

  

     This incredibly important issue which concerns not only women in India but all over the world, are in India carried out by huge organizations which fight every day for Indian women equal rights. Organizations such as:

  • All India Democratic Women’s Association
  • National Commission on Women
  • Ministry of Women Children and Development
  • International Center for Research on Women
  • UN Women

I decided to talk about this topic as I consider is crucial nowadays. Feminism is a huge movement in which we all should be included and be a part of it; not only women. Inequality is a problematic which affects women all over the world but mostly to women living in the middle east were an ancient culture is above their rights.

This inequality has existed since always and although it’s very difficult to be change, little by little women from all over the world are speaking up and fight for equality, for women’s rights, which are in fact human rights.

I started to get really interested in this topic when I read a book called “Milk and Honey” by Rupi Kaur, an Indian woman which I really admire.

She was born in India but grew up in Canada. In spite of this, she never hide her indian culture and is, in fact, very proud of it.  Here’s a short biography about her life and career that I took from a book that I read, which I really recommend, called “Mujeres Autoras”

Resultado de imagen para rupi kaur biografia de mujeres autoras  

In her short poems the Indian culture is really present as she  talks about her relationship with her father difficult was for her to deal with him and his patriarchal actitudes from the tough and unequal indian culture.

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This are the poems that I personally like the most from the book Rupi Kaur wrote “Milk and Honey”

Finally, I leave here a video of Rupi Kaur giving a speech in India Today Conclave , a thought platform, were Kaur made an impressive speech about her mother and what had she told her the day of her wedding. Within her words the patriarcal Indian society can clearly be seen.

 

 

✨Art as a form of Creation✨

Art as a Form of Creation

    🌼This first term, in literature, we have been analyzing several poems in connection with wars. We divided in groups, and each group presented and explained a different poem to the class. After the presentations, our teacher Pat asked us to bring material in connection with the poems that we learnt; it could be a song, video, poem, article, a speech or whatever we wanted in connection with the topic. We divided in new groups and each member of it shared what she/he had brought to work. I worked with Belu Brito, Bauti Buljevich, Oli Llobet and Sofi Mele. What I liked most about our group is that we all brought different things; belu brought a song, olí and bauti a picture, sofi a drawing and I brought a video, so a lot of interpretations could be done and analyzed.

     🌼I brought a video which caught a lot my attention. I saw it on twitter a month ago (the 2nd of April the day we argentinians honor and respect the veterans that fought to defend the Falkland islands against GB) and I decided to save it as I considered it’s very powerful and transmits a really important message by making a huge criticism towards politicians and society. When Pato told us that we had to bring something to class in connection with the poems we had read and analyzed, I immediately remembered about that video. After I watched it again I realise the connection it has to the poems we had read in class; but mostly with the one I’ve worked with “Dulce et Decorum Est”. This poem written by Wilfred Owen, besides retelling and describing the atrocities that he struggled at war, also makes a huge criticism; a criticism to society, to church to politicians. A criticism to the ones who tell “the old lie” that dying for one’s country is “sweet and proper”. This huge criticism that Owen makes and transigir throughout this poem, is clearly seen in this video; how shamed this young veteran is about all what he has done, he can’t forgive himself the fact that he believed what society told him. He believed that the right thing to do was that: kill innocent people to defend his country. In the video he mentions that he now realised that it’s all a matter of power, of who has more territory; they don’t care about young kids who risk their lives neither the innocent people dying at war. We can also see that, although many years have passed since Owen wrote this poem, this continues happening; kids are still forced to fight and die for a cause they don’t even care and that it’s not worth it.

     🌼As I said before what I liked the most about our group was that each of the members brought something different to share. I really liked what Belu brought: a song. I consider that music is essential for any human being; it has the power to create emotions, to bring images, connections, i think that art in general but more specific music makes us perceive the world in a different way. That’s why I really liked the fact that Belu brought a song to share. The song is called “Goodbye” and it has a lot of connections with most of the poem we had read. It deals with war, death, how hard is for soldiers to fight at war and see their friends die; knowing they could be the next one. In the song, we can see how the soldier is dying, after so much suffering, so much pain he is finally resting in peace. This has a huge impact on his friends the other soldiers who saw him die in their arms; feeling useless as they couldn’t do anything to save him. In the video that I brought to share, the veteran talking makes reference to how tough and traumatic was making friends and then seeing them die; an event that cause trauma and will last in their memories forever.

    🌼I really enjoyed this activity, I consider that it was the best way to close up and fully understand all the poems we have analyzed in class in a creative and entertaining way.

War poetry- Presentations

In Literature we have been dealing with the topic War Poetry . Our teacher Pato divided us in groups, in which each had to work in a specific poem to then teach it to the rest of the students. I worked with Abril Teran, Valentina Re and Trinidad Porretti and we taught the poem «Dulce et Decorum Est» by Wilfred Owen.

The presentation had to include 8 points of analysis;

  1. Information about the author
  2. Context in which the poem was written
  3. Presence of literary devices
  4. Connections to real life
  5. Themes and tones
  6. Important quotations
  7. Title
  8. Our personal opinion

Here are the 5 presentations:

 

A brand new way of learning :)

 E- portfolios

Last week our literature teacher, Pat Chujman, presented us how we are going to work this year; instead of learning in a traditional way we are going to make our own e- portfolio. This is a brand new method of learning and understanding things we analyse in class. But the best part is that we are able to connect what we learn with things we like; it can be connected with books, series, paintings or even with personal experiences. We are free to choose how to make our e- portfolios which is also great because it’s a way of showing our knowledge and being able to connect what we like with what we learn . After watching a video and reading some texts about what an e- portfolio is, our teacher gave us a task: make a summary of what e- portfolios are and take a look on the e- portfolios of students that are now in senior 5, and make a reflection about their portfolios. Here I will leave the summary of some texts and videos we analysed in class and my reflection on some e- portfolios. 

TASK 1: Make connections between the video and the text. Write the summary.

An e- portfolio is a new method of learning in which students show their knowledge and understanding on one subject by making several posts in their electronic folder. E- portfolio, besides of showing the understanding and knowledge of the students, is a way of learning. They learn the different topics by relating them with things they like or personal experiences. It’s also a good way for students to see their progress and learn from their mistakes in order to improve.

Besides of relating their classes with personal experiences and things they like, the e- portfolio allows students to relate the topics seen in class with other subjects too. E- portfolios are not only a way of showing understanding on certain topics, but a way of expressing, of showing how creatives students are, a way to develop their imagination. The e- portfolio is totally personal; students can include whatever they like in order to provide a true understanding on subject. They are free to organise it the way they like the most and the way they consider is the best for their true understanding. The method of learning that e-portfolios implicate is called constructivism, and it suggests that people can learn by constructing knowledge on their own. This means that with all the information learnt, they are able to connect it with other things and come up with new ideas and conclusions. The process of learning is more important than grades and results, that’s why the e- portfolios are a great way of learning; they show the process the student has made and their knowledge. E- portfolios show teachers the student’s process as well as their understanding of the topic in a innovative and creative way.  

TASK 2: Visit some blogs from the students who are in Senior 5 now. Check out their last year portfolios. Choose 3 students and say:

-what you like about their portfolio

I visited all the blogs of the students from senior 5, and the ones that I liked the most were from; Rochi Vago, Margui Muller and Otto Kreutzer. On the one hand, I really liked the portfolios of Margui and Otto because they both connected what they had seen in class with their lives and personal experience. Margui, after reading the poem “Home is so sad” , made reference to the different homes were she lived since she was little and how each house has a different memory, creates a different emotion on her.  And Otto, after reading “The lady in the looking glass” , made a connection with the protagonists feelings and fears, compared to a similar situation he had been through when he was young. Besides, Otto in his posts, made references to other portfolios from his classmates, which I think it was very interesting! On the other hand, I really liked Rochi’s e- portfolio because it was very complete and organised, but mostly because in some of her post she made references to music. She related the poems and stories she had read with songs and connect them, providing a very interesting analysis. I was able to notice how much effort and dedication the three of them put on their e- portfolio and how they were really able to understand certain topic relating them with their personal experiences or the things they like.

 

-what is missing according to what you have read

If I had to analyse what is missing in each of the portfolios I would said that in Otto’s for example, the use of images could have helped for people to visualize what he was saying, a way of causing not only an effect with words but also a visual effect. On Rochi’s and Margui’s eportfolio I think that nothing is missing. They both connected what they learnt in class with personal experiences; providing pictures, poems, references to series and books they had read.  However, on Margui’s eportfolio I could observe that there is not a final post about the eportfolio. Something to conclude, to share her feelings and emotions about this new projects.

Blogs:

Bilenum Questions

Last class, in literature, we read a story called Bilenum written by, J. G Ballard. After analyzing the story together our teacher Pato, ask us to answer some questions in groups.  I’ve worked with Marcos Okecki and Ramiro Aizpiri.

This are our questions:

1.Write a detailed synopsis of the story.

The story is about Ward who lives in an overpopulated world. He lived in a cubicle in the staircase. His cubicle was the biggest one and everyone told him that he was very lucky. Moreover, at having this bigger espace he can have more privacy than the others. However, when anyone walked up or down the stairs he would hear it, this wouldn’t let him sleep. One day, an inspector came to his cubicle and told him that as his cubicle was too big he had to pay double rent or shared the room. As he didn’t like the idea, he moved into a poorer neighborhood with his friend Rossiter. As soon as they got into the cubicle, Ward was angry. He hit the panel strongly and it fell off. In addition, as they noticed that the room was very big, they invite two friends to live with them. They separated the room in partitions. Finally, they invited more people, nevertheless, they ended as when they started, with very little space.

2. Discuss the theme of over-population and the effect it has on both the way of life and quality of life of the inhabitants of the city.

The everyday life of people is terrible, people can’t even visit their parents from their houses because of the pedestrian jum. Just by going to work, because there are so many people trying to move they get bruises. On their houses they have no privacy, they either have to share a minuscules rooms with a lot of people or be alone in an trifling cubicle. However the only solution for their limited space was by having at least three children.

3. The quest for living space has become an overriding obsession with the people of the city. Discuss this theme in detail. Include in your answer some discussion of the ways in which Ballard makes the quest for space dominate the characters’ lives.

In this story, space is very important because it means power. People that have money can buy land, construct a building, divide it in cubicles and rent them for people to live there. The owners of the building are usually the ones who look after the cubicles and check they have the correct size which was established by the government. So, they look forward on negotiating with the people living in the cubicles, as happened with Ward and his cubicle in the staircase.

4. What sort of relationship does Ballard put forward between the inner world of the individual (as represented by Ward and Rossiter) and the outer world in which they live. In other words, how does Ballard conceptualise the effect of surviving daily life in a hopelessly over-crowded city on the consciousness of the individual as demonstrated by the ways in which Ward and Rossiter manage the gift of space in the secret room they discover?

Rossiter and Ward criticize the way the government managed the main conflict of the society. They were living in a over crowded city, which the problem was overpopulation. The most of the times, when they wanted to go for a walk, the streets have a pedestrian jam. The government tried to solve the conflict by reducing the size of the cubicles, so as a consequence, they can be more cubicles available for the citizens who did not have a place to live in. At doing this method, the government was not solving the problem as they have more kids and more population, so they finally ended up in the same place. Ward and Rossiter went to live together so that they could share a bigger cubicle and have more space to live.

5. In the story, Ballard does attempt some sort of explanation of the social, political and economic causes of the extreme over-population that has beset the world. Explain his views as they are presented in the story.

The causes of extreme population is that as people aren’t comfortable with having such limited space given by the government they have more child’s so as the government would provide more space. Nevertheless as people are always having more an more childs government provides them less space per person. This makes the world more overcrowded and it never gets to an end.

6. Do you agree with his argument? Do you think that current population growth projections indicate that we are likely to end up in the situation portrayed in the story?

We don’t think that in a future there will be people living in cubicles. However, maybe it would happen the opposite. In europe, young people which can have kids will not have because maybe they can’t maintain them or they just don’t want to have children. So this will be a problem because there it will be a lot of elder people who doesn’t work because they are old and there it will be few young people to work and maintain the country.

7. Describe and analyse Ward’s character in some detail. What values does he hold? Why does Ballard make use of this type of character as the main character for this story?

Ward is used as the main character because as he has a bigger room than others he has a sort of advantage over the rest of the people who have a smaller cubicle. Later in the story Ward has to decide between keeping the staircase cubicle and paying double or sharing it with someone else. The second option wasn’t the best one because the cubicle would be smaller than normal cubicles shared by two people.

8. What role does Rossiter play in the story?

Rossiter´s role in the story, is to be friend with Ward and he is the one who started collecting money from people that wanted to live in their big room. Moreover he represents capitalism as he cares the most about money they than spending time with his friends or having more than three meters.

9.Describe the role of the female characters in the story.

The role of the female that the story present is not a positive one. In the story, Rossiter convinced Ward to let the girls live with them, they took advantage of that situation and brought members of their families into the room too. The female characters took advantage from him.

10.Discuss the effects that overpopulation and its attendant ills has had on the nature of family life in relation to Ward’s family as well as Judith and Helen’s family relationships.

What the effect of overpopulation has had on the nature of family is that the overpopulation was caused by how families wanted to have some more space that they decide to have kids which contribute with this.

11.What does the secret room symbolise in the story?

We think that the secret room symbolizes hope. It also symbolizes freedom. Because they are looking for more space, but instead of having space, they fill the bedroom with victorian furniture (that symbolize overpopulation).

12. Why do you think Ward and Rossiter are unable to keep the gift of space to themselves? Is Ballard making a comment on how our inner world ultimately reflects the shape of the external world in which we live?

The protagonist of the story, Ward and Rossiter, are unable to keep the gift of space to themselves because they were used to live in a small places. So when they found a big place, they started putting big instead of enjoying their space. They also invited people to live with them so as a consecuente, they reduce the space that they had.

13.What sort of living arrangement do they eventually end up allowing (and accommodating to) in their secret room?

At the end of the story, there were seven people living in the secret room, and they divided that room in seven parts so all the people have their own “room”. At the end, they end up living in a smaller place than the cubicles

14.Discuss Ballard’s style and language in the story? Consider also in what ways it is appropriate to the nature of the story being told.

Ballard uses different techniques of speech to emphasize his point of overpopulation. He uses hyperbaton and oxymoron to make the reader understand how he feels towards the society in his time and he wants to prove a point. The story also names the word “cubicle”, by doing this it emphasizes that we as a society are destined to live in a place meant to be in an office

 

Description of a place- Iglesia del Pilar

Description of a Touristic Place

In our language class, we learned how to write a description of a place. After this we wrote in pairs a description of a touristic place. I worked with Ramiro Aizpiri and we wrote a description of the Iglesia del Pilar. Then, with our literature teacher we wrote a poem about that touristic place we have choosen.

This is our work:

Iglesia del Pilar

One of the most important and well-known churches in Argentina, is the “Iglesia del Pilar”, which is situated in Buenos Aires, Recoleta. This glamorous church has a beautiful infrastructure and surroundings which attracts many tourists from other nations. It’s very frecuente that not only tourists but also local people visit this marvelous church.

The enchanting church is surrounded by a huge park known as “Plaza Francia” which is very well known in Buenos Aires as it also surrounds the Recoleta Cemetery . This park is full of exotic flowers and tall trees. At the entrance of the church there is a huge black gate which leads to the huge white building where people can assist to mass and pray. Furthermore, if we look to the left we see find the immense bell tower which can easily be seen in the distance.  

Moreover, on the inside the church has a very cozy atmosphere. We can find a lot brown wooden benches, and huge white columns all along the aisle. Beside, in the center, we can see charming golden decorations of which the figure of jesus stands out. It’s comfortable atmosphere is what attracts people and makes them want to visit the church frequently.

In conclusion the “Iglesia del Pilar” is one of the most visited churches in Buenos Aires not only because of its incredible infrastructure but also for its  beautiful surroundings. We can firmly assure that t if you travel to Buenos Aires, you cannot miss the opportunity of visiting this church.

Poem

Iglesia de Pilar

White as the snow, bright as the sun

the marvelous Del pilar church stands on

so special, so calm

that when you enter you feel warm

 

At the moment you enter

you feel like home

you purify yourself

you feel god

 

A place to show yourself,

somewhere to cry

to show your problems

without being judge.

 

 

Heart and Mind-By Edith Sitwell

In our Literature class, we read a poem called «Heart and Mind» which is a poem we will be tested on in our International exam, the IGCSE. After reading and analyisng it all together our teacher, Pato, gave us an esay question and told us to write an essay about it.

Here’s my essay:

Essay Question: «The poem extends the argument that the heart and the mind are irrevocably different. Comment closely on this»

         Heart and mind, by Edith Sitwell, is a brilliantly crafted poem that deals with two binary opposites which are the heart and the mind. These are portrayed by three different narrators. The writer uses three narrators through all the poem, to convey the disparity between this two. In spite of the variety of point of views, they all end up giving the same message, which is that if in relationship there’s only passion and no love, it won’t succeed at all.

         To begin with, in the first stanza the writer uses a Lion as the first narrator of the poem. Through this fierce animal, he introduces his focal point which is that if there’s only passion and no love in a relationship it won’t succeed. The lion tries to demonstrate the Lioness the importance of heart when it comes to a relationship by referring to the passing of time, by bringing back the “amber dust” skin the lioness used to have. Furthermore, he also uses the word “remember” to bring back the memories of their glorious days of brightness and passion which now, are over. The king of the jungle, emphasises on the fact of the aging and the loss of beauty, because as they become old, they start losing their elegance and youthfulness.  That’s why he points that, when you get old, the passion is lost, so if there’s no love from the heart but only physical and passional love, the relationship will end. By highlighting this he gives us the message that if they lose passion, they still can be one when they die, but only if love is of the heart and the mind, not only physical.

          Moreover, in the second and the third stanza, the narrator is switched into a skeleton. He emphasizes the fact that time is running out and that nothing is eternal. He uses the expression of “mourning heat of the sun” to express the fact that everything will die even nature dies in every autumn and winter. He points out that time will finish for all of us and in spite of the fact that passion had put you together with someone in the past, if there’s no love at all, now when the passion it’s finish the relationship will not survive. But if there’s love the relationship will still be one even after death. The skeleton also takes into account that passion is stronger than mind that’s why when we are in love sometimes we don’t take good decisions because “the mind is but a foolish wind” and if love is not present, this decisions will affect our future.

          Furthermore, in the fourth and last stanza the narrator changes to a sun which is talking to the moon. As we had developed in the other three stanzas the Sun is trying to emphasize the importance of the two concepts sticking together and also to show the huge difference between them. The sun tells the moon which is represent as a”lonely white crone” that life is not forever and the love of the mind and passion it’s not enough at all. He also points out that the two concepts should stick together in spite of the fact that never until time is finish “the fire of the heart and the fire of the mind be one” as they are irrevocably different.

          All in all, in this extract you can clearly see a contrast between love of mind which is based in passion, and the love of the heart, which is based in feelings and emotions. To convey this the author uses three narrators which clearly portrait the benefits that loving from the heart gives to you and also points out the fact that when love from the heart and from the mind are stick together, they are stronger. To sum up, it gives us the readers a very clear message which is that is that you need more than passion for a relationship to succeed.