This is our first essay in history of the short and the lonf term causes!
“Naval rivalry was the main cause of WW1”. How far do you agree with his statement? Explain.
I will be giving the reasons of what i think Naval Rivalry was not the most important cause of the war, i think all have the same importance. Moreover, i will explain it by comparing Naval Rivalry with, the Unification of Germany, the Unification of Italy, The Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism, The Franco Prussian War, The 2nd and 1st Moroccan Crisis, the Naval Race, the Balkans Crisis, Murder at Sarajevo. First i will start with the long term causes that are the causes that happened before the 20th century and i will finish with the short term causes that are the causes that happened after the 20th.
The Unification of Germany has the same importance as the Naval Rivalry because the Unification of Germany was the creation of one of the most powerful empires. Furthermore, Germany had been part in the Alliances, Imperialism and Nationalism, The Balkans Crisis, 1st and 2nd Moroccan Crisis, The Murder at Sarajevo, The arms race and The Naval Race. All in all, that’s why i think they have the same importance, because both helped to created a lot of tension.
Besides, The Unification of Italy also has the same importance as the Naval Rivalry for the reason that, Italy, was a new growing empire although she was not so important in all the conflicts, she was a new empire that made a lot of tension as well as the Naval Rivalry.
In addition, the alliances were as well as important as the Naval Rivalry because Alliances were made to help the country when it was in trouble, for example, France and Great Britain had an alliance called the Anglo- French entente. So imagine that France was in war with Germany, Great Britain had to help France because they have the alliance. In conclusion, both the alliances and the Naval Rivalry were very important causes that lead to war because they created a lot of rivalry between the empires.
Imperialism and Naval Rivalry were both important because Imperialism made the growing empires, for example Germany and Italy, started fighting to have more land, so the established empires, for example France and Great Britain, started defending themselves but they only defined if they were attacked by another empire and the decaying empires, for example Austro- Hungary and Russia, were trying to survive as an empire.Besides, Imperialism was also very important because it is present in most of the short term causes and in the long. To conclude, Imperialism and Naval Rivalry were both important because both created a lot of tension between the empires.
Furthermore, Nationalism was as important as the Naval Rivalry because the ethnic groups wanted to be independent as Serbia. Serbia was an independent group and she wanted to help Bosnia and Herzegovina to be independent too. Moreover, the Austro Hungarian empire didn’t wanted the ethnic groups to be independent she wanted the ethnic groups to be part of her empire however Serbia wanted the ethnic groups to be independent so Russia got involved and supported Serbia but Germany also got involved and supported Austro Hungary. To sum up, Nationalism as well Naval Rivalry created a lot of tension and rivalry between this empires.
Moreover, we have the Franco Prussian War. It was as important as the Naval Rivalry because the Franco Prussian War was a war between Prussia, that is what we know nowadays as Germany, and France in 1871. Prussia won the war so this contributed a lot to war because Germany years later thought that France would be easy to defeat because they have won to them so she attacked France. In conclusion, the Franco Prussian War and the Naval Rivalry were both very important because they created a lot of tension.
Firstly, we have the 1st and 2nd Moroccan Crisis. They were as important as the Naval Rivalry because in the first and second Moroccan Crisis, France, Germany, Russia and Spain wanted to have Morocco as a colony . They wanted to have it because it was good for trading because you can trade by the Mediterranean Sea or the Atlantic Ocean. All in all, the first and second Moroccan Crisis and the Naval Rivalry both, created a lot of tension and rivalry.
Secondly, we have the naval Race, it was important because the powerful Empires were the ones who had the largest naval power so obviously they were involved in this crisis, and this in the future could have consequences, for example, create a lot of tension between Great Britain and Germany, the two most powerful and big Empires. To sum up,this as in almost in every cause, created a lot of tension and a big rivalry between these two, Germany and Great Britain.
Similarly, we have the Arms Race. It had a big importance because it consisted mainly in the plans that each country had for war. They wanted to be prepared if war started. The arms Race and The Naval Rivalry had the same importance because both created tension. This contribute to create tension.
In addition, we have the Balkans Crisis. This cause was also very important because in the Balkans Crisis many countries wanted to have the Balkans as a colony because she had economic value and strategic location. The Balkans was under control of The Ottoman empire so when the other empires wanted to have The Balkans it created a lot of tension between them. That’s why the Balkans Crisis and the Naval Rivalry had the the same importance, because both as all the other causes created a lot of tension.
Finally, the last cause that lead to war was The murder at Sarajevo. It consisted in the murder of Franz Ferdinand, the archduke of Austria. He was killed by Gavrilo Princip, a Serb guy. This was important because, it was the last cause that lead to World War 1. Of course it contribute with tension like the Naval Rivalry.
In conclusion, the short term causes and the long term causes have all the same importance because all of them were crucial, not only the Naval Rivalry and also, they have all the same importance because all the causes have one thing in common, they all created tension.